Cash crop farm in Midwest Poland with 480 hectares
The land is situated in 1 piece, the quality is mainly 4 and 5. There are grown grains, rapeseed and beans. There is a house and several buildings to use for storage of grains and machines.
Poland is a large country with an area of 312 684 km2, which is about 7.5 times as large as the Netherlands. To travel through Poland from west to east, about 700 km to be covered, from north to south is around 650 km. Poland's borders are determined by several countries, but also by the waters of the Baltic Sea. These boundaries have become final only after the fall of the wall. By many conquerors land was sometimes taken, later this was recaptured. The population density in Poland with 124 people per km² is low compared to 452 people per km² in the Netherlands. The landscape of Poland is mostly flat (54%), there is only a small part of the country with mountains (9%), which is situated along the southern border of the country. The residual portion (37%) is hilly. Besides the mountains and hills, Poland also has many lakes and rivers. The most famous is the Vistula, it rises in the south in the Carpathians and flows through Krakow and Warsaw to the Baltic Sea and is a total of 1054 km long. Next to the Wisla is another great river, the Oder. Poland is a country where the boundary has become final only after the fall of the wall at that time, the boundaries shifted several times by rulers. As a result, there are many different ethnic groups living in the country. There are German Poland to the west, and people with Russian bands in eastern Poland. In addition there are several minorities such as Gypsies and Slovaks. There used to be many more people with a non-Polish identity, but World War II changed that. Poland currently has approximately 38.2 million inhabitants, 98% has the Polish identity, the remaining 2% are people of other nationalities. The mixing of cultures has produced beautiful monuments. In the historic towns you can see the evidence of ten centuries of architecture, painting, sculpture and applied arts.
Average salary: 4000 PLN gross (€ 1: 4.1 pln) Minimum wage (2014): 1680 PLN gross Working week: 40 hours Retirement age: 67 years for men and women. Employees Tax on gross salary: 18% per year for anything under 85.528 PLN, above that it is 32%. Employers' premiums: about 21% of the gross salary up to a maximum amount. Corporation tax: 19% Dividend tax: 19% VAT: 23% / 8% / 5% / 3% / 0% Tax returns for companies: at least 1 time per quarter. 96% of the population is Catholic and religion plays an important role in the lives of Poles. On each occasion or celebration, the church is involved, unlike in the Netherlands, the churches are still full every Sunday.
The climate in Poland is a bit different than in the Netherlands. Winters are generally colder and the summers are warmer. The climate in Poland is influenced by various factors such as the Atlantic airflow influence in the west and to a lesser extent in the east on the temperature and precipitation. The Baltic and Asian air currents affect the temperature and precipitation. In the west, the climate is to qualify as a temperate maritime climate, while the east and south are characterized by a dry continental climate. Through these different influences the weather can change quickly, this is especially the case in the winter and in the mountains. The temperature ranges, with an average in July of 17 degrees Celsius on the Baltic to a EU average July temperature of 20 degrees Celsius in the southeast. In summer, the temperature is easily above 25 degrees Celsius. The highest temperature ever recorded in Poland is 40.20 degrees Celsius. July is generally known as the month with the highest rainfall in the year, december, however, is the driest month of the year. The average temperature in January is -1 to -6 degrees Celsius. But the lowest temperature ever recorded was -42 degrees Celsius in the central mountains. In the mountains the temperatures are not above 0 degrees for of 130 days per year, in the lower parts of Poland, the temperature does not exceed for three months. The amount of precipitation that falls on average per year is ranges from 450 mm. in central Poland to 800 mm. on the plateaus and lake plains.
Poland is the third largest producer in the EU when it comes to cereal and oilseed rape (after Germany and France). Poland is the largest producer of poultry, 6th producer of pork and milk. The large farms, the traditional state-owned enterprises, are found in the western and northern Poland. Poland currently has more than 2,300 farms larger than 300 hectares, about half of which own more than 500 ha property (GUS, 2013). Poland's infrastructure is good; there is a wide range of Polish and international companies in the agricultural sector. In the other parts of Poland, the companies are smaller and the vast number of small businesses, the average farm size across Poland is about 10 hectares. Through consolidation this grows annually. The Agencja has nearly 2 million hectares of the Polish state in management, this is mostly leased. In the coming years this land will be offered for sale, which often involves current changes, tenants have a first right to purchase. Agricultural land prices have risen in recent years with more than 10% per year, Poland has a classification system for the quality of agricultural land from 1 (very fruitful) to 6 (poor soil). About 65% of the arable land is Class 3 and 4. The well-managed companies are competitive with companies in Western Europe.